social system

social system
The concept of system appears throughout the social and natural sciences and has generated a body of literature of its own (‘general systems theory ’). A system is any pattern of relationships between elements, and is regarded as having emergent properties of its own, over and above the properties of its elements. The system is seen as possessing an inherent tendency towards equilibrium and the analysis of systems is the analysis of the mechanisms which maintain equilibrium, both internally and externally, in relation to other systems.
The functionalism of Talcott Parsons offers the fullest employment of systems theory in sociology (see especially The Social System, 1951). In Parsonsian terms, social system can refer to a stable relationship between two actors, to societies as a whole, to systems of societies, or indeed any level between these. all are analysed principally in terms of their so-called cybernetic aspects; that is, as systems of information exchange and control, where equilibrium is maintained through symbolic exchanges with other systems across boundaries. In economic systems, for example, the exchange is not usually direct but mediated by money. Power is the medium of exchange in political systems.
More recently, Anthony Giddens (Central Problems in Social Theory, 1979) has criticized this conception of the social system on the grounds that systems do not possess emergent properties over and above the social actors who comprise them, but are rather produced and reproduced by structured and routine social practices. The systematic properties of social systems thus stem from the nature of social action rather than the system itself.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • social system — socialinė sistema statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Tam tikras vientisas darinys, kurio pagrindiniai dėmenys yra žmonės ir jų santykiai. atitikmenys: angl. social system vok. Sozialsystem, n rus. социальная система …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • social system — noun the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships (Freq. 2) the social organization of England and America is very different sociologists have studied the changing structure of the family • …   Useful english dictionary

  • social system — / səυʃ(ə)l ˌsɪstəm/ noun the way society is organised …   Marketing dictionary in english

  • social system — / səυʃ(ə)l ˌsɪstəm/ noun the way society is organised …   Dictionary of banking and finance

  • Untouchable (social system) — Untouchability is a social system in which people belonging to a particular group restrict people in other groups from interacting with them socially. The excluded group could be one that did not accept the norms of the excluding group and… …   Wikipedia

  • Social structure — is a term frequently used in sociology and social theory yet rarely defined or clearly conceptualised (Abercrombie, et al., 2000; Jary Jary 1991). In a general sense, the term can refer to: * entities or groups in definite relation to each other …   Wikipedia

  • social science — social scientist. 1. the study of society and social behavior. 2. a science or field of study, as history, economics, etc., dealing with an aspect of society or forms of social activity. [1775 85] * * * Any discipline or branch of science that… …   Universalium

  • Social work with groups — Social Work with GroupsThe group process contains the secret of collective life, it is the key to democracy, it is the master lesson for every individual to learn, it is our chief hope for the political, the social, the international life of the… …   Wikipedia

  • System — (from Latin systēma , in turn from Greek polytonic|σύστημα systēma) is a set of interacting or interdependent entities, real or abstract, forming an integrated whole. The concept of an integrated whole can also be stated in terms of a system… …   Wikipedia

  • Social complexity — is the approach to social phenomena that tries to analyze a social system as a complex system. The social complexity can be seen as an impact on the social analysis of increasingly influential complexity theory. It can be understood as the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”